ZERnews – History: Idris Barzani, the son of Mela Mustafa Barzani, was born in 1944 in the village of Barzan under the conditions of struggle of “the 3rd Barzan revolution for the nation of Kurdistan” and he passed away on 31.01.1987 as a refugee leader in his own country in Urmiye.
In this article, after looking at Idris Barzani’s life story, we will write personality traits and memories with the narrative of the peshmergas of his time.
When the Republic of Kurdistan was established in the city of Mahabad in eastern Kurdistan in 1945, he took action to maintain this achievement together with the soldiers of his father, commander Mustafa Barzani.
The Barzanis who went to the Kurdistan Republic, which was founded in Mahabad under the leadership of Mustafa Barzani, confronted Qazi Mohammed, the first president of the Kurds and said to him: “We are at your command.”
They adopted the name “Peshmerga”, which was used for Kurdish fighters in the first Kurdistan Republic, and they never lowered the flag entrusted by Qazi Muhammad, the president of the first Kurdistan Republic, to the present day, and they always waved it.
The first President of modern Kurdish history, Qazi Muhammad, ordered the Barzani Peshmergas to leave Mahabad.
After Mela Mustafa Barzani insisted that “let us resist until the end“, he handed over the Kurdistan flag to Mustafa Barzani and said: “Only the Barzanis can wave this freely in the future. This is your trust, take care of it. As the President, I order you to leave Mahabad, and if there is a war, my people will suffer genocide. I will surrender, when they catch me, their hatred will stop, they will take their resentment out of me, my people will suffer less.”
Here, Idris Barzani and Masoud Barzani, born under the freely waving flag of the Republic of Kurdistan, would grow up with this psychology and this trust of Qazi Mohammad.
Idris was 3 years old when the Mahabad-based Kurdistan Republic collapsed. Father Barzani went to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics with more than 500 Peshmerga. This was a political-military march to announce the voice of the Kurdish nation to the world and to emphasize the right of nations to self-determination. The Barzanis advanced in this march by fighting with three states. Walking to the Soviet Union, the superpower of the time, was much more difficult than walking to Southern Kurdistan, but it had historical significance.
This march was historic and important for Kurdistan. Idris and his brother, Massoud, spent 11 years under surveillance by the Iraqi state in remote Iraqi cities such as Baghdad and Basra and Mosul at child age. With the coming to power of the Iraqi Communist Party, the Kurds are recognized as a nation, and Kurdistan is going through a freer process. In 1958, Idris Barzani went to Baghdad to study.
Then Idris Barzani returned to Kurdistan and commanded the September Revolution. The Iraqi Communist Party, which strengthened its power, later seized the rights of the Kurds one by one, and that is why the September Revolution began in 1961 under the leadership of Mela Mustafa Barzani.
The most important feature of this revolutionary struggle, which Idris Barzani commanded, is the participation of all parts of Kurdistan and the first occasion of a common national awakening in all parts of Kurdistan. Idris Barzani met with Baghdad on behalf of Kurdistan in this struggle for revolution and sat down on the table. In particular, with the March 11 agreement, he made big gains at the desk for Kurdistan.
Idris Barzani made an outstanding effort for the unity of Kurdish parties throughout his life. He was in close dialogue with all party leaders. He is defined as Engineer of the Kurdistan Union in the history of KDP (Kurdistan Democratic Party).
Idris Barzani was known as wise and humble personality during the process in which he commanded the peshmerga, he was eating and drinking with other peshmergas. He was not a “commander” with his lifestyle but a normal peshmerga.
Peshmerga leaders of the era describe Idris Barzani as:
One day we saw Idris Barzani prune the trees. I said to him, “Sir, you will cut your hand.” He said, “This tree will come to the benefit of the people, our people will eat from its fruit.”
(In fact, for over 100 years, it is forbidden to cut down trees in the Barzan region and kill animals, albeit a wild animal. This ban was imposed by the religious and national leader, Sheikh Ahmed Barzani, and has remained valid to date.)
He took a horse to move from the east of Kurdistan (Iran) to the South (Iraq). When he was riding his horse, he told a peshmerga, “Partner, you are tired, I swear you will ride this horse!” So he crossed that long path on foot and his peshmerga on the horse.
(Idris Barzani told the peshmerga commanders, “we are people thanks to the peshmerga, we are standing up thanks to the peshmerga. Don’t break them, don’t upset them. If they need anything, tell me right away, let’s supply it.” He used to work in the oven himself to make more beautiful bread for the peshmerga. “Cook the bread nicely, don’t starve the peshmerga,” he said)
Idris Barzani knew 3 languages, 2 dialects of Kurdish, Arabic, and Persian very well. He had a strong dominance in the literature of these 3 languages. He was magnificent in his oratory and influence. He was a person who read a lot of books. He used to read plenty of books on the front and everywhere as he went in the vehicle. He always carried with him the works of Melayê Ciziri, Ehmedê Xani, and Wafai, the stars of Kurdish literature, their poems were in his memory.
He was a positive person, giving good morale to the Peshmerga. When he saw a sad Peshmerga, he used to go to him and say, “Don’t worry, today we are having a hard time, tomorrow God will give us a life of peace and prosperity, and we will have good future.” His morale was always high, he never resented anyone. When he saw a peshmerga who was sulky and angry, he was going to him and kiss him. He would say, “Don’t get upset, say whatever you want, I’ll assure you.“
Idris Barzani was constantly serving and working for these families when the people in the south of Kurdistan (Iraq) migrated to the east of Kurdistan (Iran) against the threat of genocide.
Idris Barzani passed away as a refugee commander on 31.01.1987 in the Kurdish city of Urmiye, which was invaded by Iran. The tomb of his father Mustafa Barzani was in Shino. Idris Barzani’s funeral was buried next to his father.
Upon his death, the Kurdish people cried for days. The witnesses of the time emphasized the sadness and loyalty of the people. They said that if the tears shed for him would merge, it would be a river.
As a result of the liberation war of 1991, the south of Kurdistan was liberated. In 1993, together with the funeral of his father Mustafa Barzani, his funeral was moved to the Barzan region in a special ceremony. The participation of the people in that ceremony was an indefinable quantity. (Bedel Boseli / ZERnews)